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Polonis Polish Philatelic Society
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Fischer# 4680 - Issued 04-20-2007

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Flowers & Fruits (Mak)


This 10 zl stamp shows a flower with seeds of the opium poppy (Popaver somniferum).  The tiny poppy seeds (mak) have been harvested for thousands of years and used as an ingredient in foods or pressed to yield poppy seed oil.  Also used as a folk remedy, the seeds are believed to aid in sleeping and promote fertility.  The seeds are widely used as a spice and decoration in baked goods such as buns and breads, while the sugared and milled seeds are used as a filling or topping in sweet pastry.  The seeds contain very low levels of opiate.  Harvesting poppy seeds usually conflicts with harvesting the plant’s opium.  Poppy seeds are harvested when they are ripe, after the seed pod has dried;  opium is traditionally harvested while the seed pods are green and when the seeds have just begun to grow.  The largest poppy seed producing nations are the Czech Republic, Turkey, and Spain.




Date of Issue                      April 20, 2016


Sheet Format                      Single in Sheet of 100


Printing Method                          Photogravure


Designer                             Marzanna Dabrowska